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Common Water Softener Parts Explained

January 26th, 2022 | Water Softener Las Vegas

For many people with water softeners, it’s not often we think about what goes into the system and how it works. However, there are several essential parts of a water softener that need to work together to provide soft, high-quality water to your home.

Our water conditioning experts in Las Vegas explain water softener parts and what you need to know to keep everything working optimally.

What’s In a Water Softener?

Water Softeners Las Vegas

Although water softeners can differ depending on the brand and the water volume they can handle, a standard water softening system will generally have three parts: a mineral tank, a brine tank, and a control valve.

1. Mineral Tank With Resin Beads

The mineral tank in your water softener is where all the action happens. This is where the process of water softening takes place. As your water supply feeds hard water into your softening system, it enters the mineral tank, where it passes over resin beads that capture calcium and magnesium ions through the process of ion exchange.

Water softener mineral tanks are filled with a bed of resin beads that have a positive charge. As hard water flows through the beads, the negatively charged ions of the minerals catch onto the beads like magnets and are removed from the water.

2. Brine Tank With Salt

The second part of a water softener is just as crucial to the process: the brine tank. A softener’s brine tank is separate from the mineral tank and contains a concentrated solution of salt, which has a strong positive charge. The salt creates a brine solution at the bottom of the tank that allows the resin beads to regenerate by flushing out the captured minerals.

As more and more water passes through the resin beads, there comes the point when they can no longer hold any more minerals. When this happens, the brine solution enters the mineral tank and washes the hard minerals off the resin beads. Because this process requires salt, it’s vital to replace the salt in your water softener whenever recommended to keep it working at its best.

3. Control Valve

A water softener’s control valve is an important component of the system. It measures the amount of water that flows into the tank and ensures the system regenerates at the right times. Without a control valve, the water softener may not work as effectively because the resin beads may reach capacity and not be able to remove any more minerals.

When you install your water softener, you’ll be able to program your control valve based on several factors, including:

  • The size of your house
  • How many occupants are in your house
  • Your water volume needs
  • The hardness of your water


After entering these numbers in the control valve, your water softening unit will automatically regenerate before the resin beads hit capacity.

Where Do I Get Water Softener Salt?

To simplify the process, you can set up salt delivery services to bring your salt right to your door. At Rain of Las Vegas, we know it can be challenging to stay on top of it with everything you have going on in your busy life. That’s why we offer salt delivery that includes refilling your water softener and checking the system while we’re there. It’s important to get the right kind of salt for your water softening system. Please contact us if you have any questions.


Need salt for your water softener? Contact Rain of Las Vegas to schedule salt delivery and never worry about it again.


How Do I Know If Parts of a Water Softener Aren’t Working?

If you start to notice some of the common effects of hard water in your home, you may have an issue with some of your water softener parts. Keep an eye out for:

  • A chalky, white crust on your faucets, drains, and other water fixtures
  • Spotty dishes and glassware
  • Dingy or stiff laundry
  • Mineral buildup on your water appliances

When you see some of the signs of hard water, even though you have a water softener, it’s time to look into water softener repair services.

Las Vegas Water Softener Repair and Replacement Services

Because Las Vegas water is so hard, it’s essential to keep your home water softening system serviced. Rain of Las Vegas can help you keep your water softener working at its best. Call us for a free estimate and to learn more about our services and other water conditioning options!

How Hard Is Las Vegas Water?

Hard water refers to water that has very high mineral content. It generally contains higher-than-normal levels of calcium and magnesium, with other trace minerals present as well. The hardness of the water in a specific area is measured by how much of these minerals are present.

If you live in Las Vegas, you know hard water is part of life in Southern Nevada. But how hard is our water and how does it compare to other regions in the nation? Our water filtration experts explain.

Las Vegas Hard Water Rating

According to Las Vegas Valley Water District (LVVWD)1, Las Vegas has a hardness rating of 278 parts per million or 16 grains per gallon. This level of hardness is considered to be “extremely hard.” In fact, Las Vegas has some of the hardest water in the country! A study published by Homewater 101 even shows that we rank second in the nation2 for the hardest water in the United States (following Indianapolis, according to the study).

Homewater_Grains Per Gallon infographic-min
Image from Homewater 101 study


While it’s safe to consume and use for laundry, bathing, and cleaning, hard water can lead to a number of issues for your home and appliances. Luckily, a good water softener can help Southern Nevada residents avoid the negative effects of hard water.

Why Is the Water in Las Vegas Hard?

As much as 90% of the water supply in Las Vegas3 comes from Lake Mead. As the snow on the Rocky Mountains melts, this water enters the Colorado River and picks up dissolved minerals as it flows over ancient seabeds, limestone rocks, and through mineral-dense canyons to Southern Nevada.

By the time the water reaches Lake Mead, there is a very high mineral content present. For this reason, many Las Vegas residents invest in a water softener to combat the effects of mineral-heavy water.

Get soft water at every tap in your home with a water softening system from Rain Water of Las Vegas! Contact us to learn how.

How Do You Know You Have Hard Water?

If you’re new to the Las Vegas area or you’ve never had to deal with hard water, you might not know the signs that show you have hard water in your home. If you have hard water, you may notice:

  • White, chalky buildup on your faucets and fixtures.
  • Your clothing looks dull or worn out.
  • Your shampoo and soap may not be foam up or properly rinse off.
  • Your hair and skin may be dry or irritated.
  • Your dishes, plates, and glassware look spotted and dingy.

While your hard water may not be bothering you right now, it can do some damage to your pipes and appliances over time. The mineral buildup can make appliances less efficient, and you may even notice your water bill is higher than usual.

water faucet with hard water damage

What Can Be Done About Hard Water in Las Vegas?

No matter how hard the water in Las Vegas might be, there are some steps that you can take to rectify the issues in your home and prevent hard water issues in the future:

Water Softening Systems

A water softening system is the ideal piece of equipment to have installed in your Las Vegas home or office. A water softener will remove the hard minerals from your water using the process of ion exchange.

Rain Water of Las Vegas has designed our custom water softeners specifically for hard Las Vegas water. They can handle the heavy concentration of calcium and magnesium in your water before it even enters your home. Contact our team today to learn more!

RELATED: Why Do Water Softeners Need Salt?

Water Conditioning Systems

A water conditioning system is an excellent way to combat the effects of hard Las Vegas water. However, a water conditioner doesn’t just soften the water—it also filters the water and removes toxins, pollutants, and chemicals found in tap water.

Get pure, soft, great-tasting water to every tap in your home with a water conditioning system from Rain Water of Las Vegas!

Special Cleaning Supplies

If you don’t have a water softener yet and are dealing with water hardness, there are cleaning supplies made specifically to remove rust, limescale, and calcium stains on your fixtures, faucets, sinks, tubs, and toilet bowls. You can also look into:

  • Rinse aids for your dishwasher
  • Bath salts (such as Epsom salts)
  • Laundry detergents with water-softening ingredients

Although these cleaning supplies can help with the effects of hard water, they do not address the cause. Consider installing a water softener or water conditioning system to remove the minerals in the water before it flows into your home.

Water Softeners for Every Budget in Las Vegas

If you are interested in improving the quality of the water in your home or office, reach out to Rain Water Conditioning of Las Vegas today! We have several water conditioning and water softening products to reduce the mineral content in your water that is perfect for your home size and budget.

Because our custom systems are made to handle the hardness of Las Vegas water, you can feel confident that your water quality is the best in Southern Nevada. Call us now to learn more.


1 Las Vegas Valley Water District (LVVWD). Facts about our water. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
2 Homewater 101. A look at Hard Water Across the US. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
3 Las Vegas Valley Water District (LVVWD). Where your water comes from. Retrieved 16 December 2021.

How Long Does a Water Softener Last?

November 17th, 2021 | Water Softener Las Vegas

Water softeners are a highly efficient way to improve the quality of water that runs through our pipes and into our homes by removing hard minerals. Appliances, plumbing fixtures, the taste of tap water, and the softness of our skin can be impacted by minerals found in our water supply. That’s why installing a water softener is so important in areas with particularly hard water—like Las Vegas.

However, it’s essential to maintain your water softener in order to keep it working optimally. How long does a water softener last before you need to replace it? Our water filtration experts explain.

Tired of crusty buildup on your faucets and dingy glassware and dishes? It’s time to install a water softener. Contact Rain Water of Las Vegas for a free estimate!

What Do Water Softeners Do?

A water softener is a system used to remove high concentrations of minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium. Over time, hard deposits can build up into visible crusty residue known as scale. Water with a high mineral concentration is known as hard water. A water softener filters out these minerals that can clog pipes and damage your appliances.

RELATED: The Damaging Effects of Hard Water

What Impacts the Life of a Water Softener?

Most water softeners last 10 to 20 years with proper maintenance and professional water softener repair. Depending on the age of your home, your water source, and the area you live in, the wear and tear on your water softener may be different. Things that affect the lifespan of your water softener include:

  • Professional sizing and installation to make sure you have the right equipment for the job
  • The quantity of water to be filtered daily
  • Regular maintenance such as replacing the salt supply or resin beads
  • The hardness of the water in your city

Whether or not you take good care of your softening system is a critical factor in the life you will get from it. Getting professional measurements done and matching the correct water softener with the household size is vital in ensuring that your equipment can handle the usage. The hardness of water can change from location to location, which affects the work required and, therefore, can impact the life of your water softener.

Signs That a Water Softening System is Not Working Properly

Mineral buildup can take a heavy toll on your appliances and water supply. There are a few factors to pay attention to when investigating how well your water softener is working so you know when to call a professional.

  • Change in Water Pressure. Weak water flow may be a sign that your water softener needs servicing. Decreased water pressure can mean buildup inside the pipes running throughout your home and obstructing free water flow.
  • Spots or Streaks on Dishes or Shower Doors. Adequately treated hard water should not be leaving residue behind. If you notice hard water spots on glasses or shower stalls, it might be time to take a closer look.
  • Rough or Dingy Clothes After Laundering. Extra minerals in your water can make your clothes feel rough and hard. Additionally, mineral buildup in your washing machine may eventually lead to damaged appliances.
  • Taste of Your Water. With the extra minerals present, hard water may taste a bit chalky depending on the concentration of minerals in your water. The taste of coffee, tea, or cooking that involves water may also be affected by hardness.

Is your water softener not working as it should? Call Rain Water of Las Vegas for all your water softener servicing and repairs!

spotty dishes due to water softener not working

What Happens If I Don’t Replace or Repair an Old Water Softener?

An inefficient water softener won’t affect your health, but it may cost you more in the long run. Here are some reasons why:

  1. Premature aging of your water heater – Heating hard water accelerates the formation of scale inside the tank and on heating elements which may cause costly issues with your water heater.
  2. Raising utility bills – Your boiler or water heater may have to use more power to push water through mineral buildup inside pipes or out faucets.
  3. Special cleaning products – Scale can cause unsightly layers of film to up on your sinks, tubs, toilets, and around your faucets, creating more work and sometimes requiring specialized products to keep your kitchen and bathroom clean.
  4. Using more soap to get jobs done – The minerals in hard water react with soap which may cause it not to lather as well or clean as efficiently. This reaction means you’ll need more soap to clean thoroughly.

Should I Replace My Water Softener?

If you notice signs that your water softener is failing and you’ve had the system for at least 10 years, it could be time to replace it. However, it’s essential to get a professional opinion when choosing, installing, and maintaining a water softener for your home or business. Getting the correct equipment for the job is crucial to keeping soft water running throughout your home.

At Rain Water Conditioning of Las Vegas, we provide premium water softeners, maintenance you can trust, and unbeatable warranties included with every product you purchase. All of our new water treatment systems have a 10-year parts warranty with a 1-year service warranty. If there is ever a problem with your equipment that we cannot repair after two attempts, we will provide a complete replacement at NO cost within the first 12 months of installation. Call us today to learn more!

Can You Drink Soft Water?

If your water supply has high mineral content and you’re constantly dealing with the damaging effects of hard water, you might be hesitant to drink water directly from your tap. However, does installing a water softener in your home make a difference? Can you drink soft water after it goes through your water softening system? Our Las Vegas water filtration experts explain.

Hard Water vs. Soft Water

Before we get into the drinkability of soft water, let’s quickly talk about what hard and soft water is. Many regions of the United States, including Southern Nevada, supply hard water to residents. This is due to the high mineral content of primarily calcium and magnesium in the water. This sediment is often picked up as the water moves from its main source to the area where it is consumed.

Some common effects of hard water include:

  • Chalky white buildup on plumbing fixtures, drains, and appliances
  • Laundry is faded and stiff
  • Glassware and dishes are left with spots
  • Skin and hair feels dry or irritated
  • Frequent plumbing repairs
  • Stained sinks, toilets, and bathtubs

On the other hand, soft water does not contain these dissolved minerals that can wreak havoc on plumbing fixtures, appliances, hair, and skin. A water softener uses a very effective process of removing minerals using ion exchange. The positively charged ions in minerals are attracted to the negatively charged resin beads in the tank, essentially removing the minerals and allowing soft water to flow into your home.

Is There Sodium in Soft Water?

One common question we often hear is whether softened water contains salt. Some people are concerned that the water coming from their water softener will have sodium in it because water softeners require salt to effectively remove minerals.

It’s true—water softening systems use salt to recharge the resin beads by flushing away the positively charged minerals. However, the amount of sodium that actually enters your softened water supply is very minimal. According to an article published in Very Well Health¹, there is about 12.5mg of sodium in an 8oz glass of softened water, which is considered “very low” by the Food and Drug Administration.

RELATED: Why Do Water Softeners Need Salt?

The Drinkability of Soft Water

There are several things to consider when examining the drinkability of water, including taste and purity. So, can you drink soft water? Although most would agree that soft water from the tap is generally safe to consume, the water is not “filtered” the way you might think. A water softener removes the minerals from hard water but does not provide a filtration system to remove toxins and pollutants from the water.

Are There Health Risks With Drinking Soft Water?

There are no reported health risks to drinking soft water. Although, according to Healthline² and other resources, those with diets that heavily restrict sodium should consult with their healthcare providers on whether the trace amount of sodium in soft water is safe to drink.

However, Rain Water of Las Vegas has designed a patented regeneration system found in all our water softeners! This means you’ll find less sodium in a glass of water softened by a Rain Water system than in a slice of white bread. And if your doctor recommends a sodium-free diet, Rain Water’s reverse osmosis water purification system can reduce the total sodium content in softened water to almost zero.

Learn more about Rain Water’s Reverse Osmosis Purification System! Contact our team today for a free consultation.

How Does Soft Water Taste?

Contrary to what some people may think, soft water does not taste salty! As we mentioned, the amount of sodium found in soft water is minuscule and does not noticeably change the taste of the water. In fact, many people tend to prefer the taste of soft water in coffee, tea, and cooking because it doesn’t have high-mineral content to alter the flavor of whatever you are preparing.

Is Softened Water the Same as Filtered Water?

No, soft water is not the same as filtered water. Soft water just means the minerals have been removed. On the other hand, filtered water has gone through a type of water filtration system designed to remove pollutants, chemicals, and other types of harmful toxins. If you want clean, pure water from every tap in your home, consider installing a reverse osmosis water system or other types of home water filtration systems.

Combine the Benefits of Soft Water and Filtered Water

To get the highest quality water for your family, a combination of a water softener and a water filtration system is the ideal choice. Reverse osmosis purification systems effectively remove sediment, metals, salts, chemicals, chlorine, and other types of contaminants found in tap water.

Some of the reverse osmosis systems found at Rain Water of Las Vegas include:


These purification systems can work together with any water softener to both remove damaging minerals and harmful pollutants found in Las Vegas tap water. To learn more, contact the Rain Water Conditioning of Las Vegas team today!

Call us at (702) 213-9469 now to schedule a free consultation.


¹Weber, Craig. (8 October 2021). Water Softeners and High Blood Pressure. Very Well Health. Retrieved 2 November 2021.

²Heathline. (30 July 2019). Hard Water vs. Soft Water: Which One Is Healthier? Retrieved 2 November 2021.

Why Do Water Softeners Need Salt?

Water softener systems treat hard water, which contains high levels of dissolved calcium and magnesium. Aside from giving it a green-grey cloudy color, the high mineral content in hard water can cause other problems for homeowners. Hard water can damage household appliances and plumbing, stain clothing, and dry out the skin and hair of anyone using it to bathe. For these reasons, many homeowners want to install water softening systems for their home water supply.

Need help finding the right water softener system for your home’s hard water? Call Rainwater Las Vegas today for a free estimate and consultation.

How Does Salt Soften Water?

While most people know that these systems solve hard water problems, many don’t know what is happening in those tanks or why they need to pour in large bags of salt. Although homeowners love getting the clean, mineral free water that our water softeners provide, they often ask: Why do they need salt refills?

Salt is a crystal made up of sodium and chloride that has a negative charge. The salt you put in the tank helps the special resin beads in your softener system trap the minerals. The negatively charged resin beads inside the tank attract positive calcium and magnesium ions as the water flows. The salt you add to your water softener helps recharge these resin beads and gets used up in the process.

Do Water Softeners Make Your Water Salty?

It is essential to understand that water softeners do not simply add salt to your water, so the softened water does not taste salty. The process of removing calcium and magnesium uses up nearly all of the salt before it leaves the softener system. The resulting water only has a tiny amount left, which is not harmful and improves the taste.

Does It Matter What Kind of Salt I Put in the Softener System?

Water softener systems work best if you only use specially-made salt. However, there are also three main factors you should consider when choosing your softener salt:


Pure salt will leave your system with less residue, which will lower your maintenance costs. Quality salt will prevent bridging and clumping, which can reduce the water softener’s efficiency.


Salts are available in different forms, but most commonly in block and crystal form. Be sure to ask your water system servicer for advice and read your system’s user manual to help you identify the best suitable salt form.

Specialty Salts

Mineral content in water differs depending on the geographic location. Depending on the natural mineral makeup of your water going into the system, you may need a specially formulated salt to treat your hard water. With these products, your water softener system can help address problems such as rust stains from high iron levels.

Having the right kind of salt for your softener system is essential to help improve its efficiency and lifespan.

Need help finding the right salt for your softener system? Rainwater Las Vegas can install, service, and repair your water softener and filtration system.

When Should You Add Salt to Your Water Softener?

If you don’t top off your water softening system with fresh salt often enough, your softener system won’t work efficiently. As the salt runs out, the ion exchange that pulls minerals out of hard water slows down. Eventually, the softener system will be too saturated with minerals to work at all. The ion exchange will be compromised, allowing hard minerals to enter your appliances and pipes.


Rainwater of Las Vegas Showroom and Wilma

If your softener system stops working, you will usually notice the quality change in your water. But to avoid long term problems, remember the following tips:

Follow a Salt Refill Schedule

Some systems will need you to refill the salt tanks after a couple of weeks, others in months. However, before you do so, you should check on your water consumption to help you determine when to refill your system. Make sure that the brine tank contains the manufacturer’s recommended level of salt to function optimally.

Don’t Overfill Your Softener with Salt

Adding too much salt to your softener can cause bridging or clumping, which can compromise the system’s effectiveness. Refill your tank with the right amount of salt to ensure the process runs smoothly.

Schedule Salt Delivery from Your Softener System Servicer

If you don’t want to carry those heavy salt bags or have to remember the fill schedule, Rainwater Las Vegas offers professional salt delivery services based on your system’s optimal schedule. We will make sure your home water softener system has everything it needs.

Ready to have fresh, soft water delivered to every tap in your home? Contact Rainwater of Las Vegas to learn how we can help!

The Damaging Effects of Hard Water

The quality of the water that you have in your home is very important. After all, you use water each day to bathe or shower, cook, clean, drink, and much more. Hard water is a term that you may have heard before. It refers to the magnesium and calcium content in the water coming from your tap. If there are high levels of magnesium and calcium present, your water may be considered to be in the ‘hard’ range.

While you may not get sick from these minerals, hard water can negatively affect your plumbing and home. Our Las Vegas water filtration experts share some of the damaging effects of hard water.

1. Mineral Deposits

Mineral deposits can show up in several unwanted places in your home. You can find them on fixtures like kitchen faucets, faucets in the bathroom, on your showerheads, and even inside of your dishwasher. You may even see mineral deposits accumulating on other items that use water, like your coffee pot or a floor steam cleaner. The inside of your hot water tank may see a lot of the damaging effects of hard water as well, leading to issues with the unit itself.

2. The Condition of Your Skin and Hair

When your skin and hair are coming into contact with high levels of calcium and magnesium during a bath or shower, you may find that your skin and hair feel very dry afterward. Your hair may even feel unclean, despite having washed it thoroughly. Water should be able to soak into your skin and hydrate it, but hard water will immediately dry your skin out. You may be more prone to skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis if you have hard water.

woman with dry skin due to hard water

3. The Quality of Your Clothing

When you wash your clothes in hard water, the color will often fade much more quickly. Many people also complain that their clothing, towels, and bedding don’t feel as soft as before when washing everything in hard water. Even fabric softener can’t always get your clothing and fabrics feeling as soft as you would like.

4. Stains In Your Toilet

Many people complain of a discolored ring inside of their toilet right where the water level usually sits. The entire portion of the toilet bowl can also become discolored where the water touches it if hard water is present. These stains are tough to clean. They often require strong chemicals or a lot of elbow grease to take care of them. You may also notice these stains in your bathtub or sinks.

5. The Need for Plumbing Assistance

Depending on what type of pipes you have in your home, you may be calling a plumber more often than you’d like. Steel pipes and hard water make for a tricky situation. Minerals can quickly build up within these steel pipes, resulting in decreased water flow. Corrosion can also become an issue. If you’re calling the plumber too often because of repair after repair, hard water may be the root of the problem. Your plumber may even suggest you invest in a water softener to prevent further damage.

plumber fixing hard water damage faucet

6. Increased Utility Bills

When you have decreased water flow through your pipes, you would assume that your water bill would drop. In actuality, your bill may start to creep up. Your plumbing will need to work a lot harder to keep up with the demand for water in your home or office. Leaks can start to occur, which would cause more water to be wasted. You’ll also end up having water damage to deal with.

7. Dingy Dishes

While hard water can get food washed off your dishes, it can also end up leaving certain items very spotty, including drinking glasses, other clear glass dishes, and silverware. You’ll find yourself tediously wiping the spots off these items, or you’ll sometimes put them back through the dishwasher to get them clean again. You can purchase products to add to your dishwasher that prevents these spots, but it makes more sense to tackle the issue as a whole.

woman unhappy with spotty dishes due to hard water

Water Softeners in Las Vegas

You can utilize a water softener or water conditioning system to combat a hard water problem. Through an ion exchange process, these minerals will be reduced to a safer level. A small unit can be installed into your home or office that requires very minimal upkeep. There are a few different types of units to choose from, so consulting with a professional can help you figure out the best option for your hard water situation.

Unfortunately, Las Vegas is notorious for hard water. You can contact Rain Water Conditioning of Las Vegas for more information on the different systems we offer to improve the quality of the water running through your system each day. You deserve pure, soft, high-quality water, and we have the best water softening systems to deliver it straight to every tap in your home. Call us today to learn more!

Microplastics and Bottled Water: What You Need to Know

Grabbing a bottle of water when you’re thirsty or heading to the gym for a workout is a convenient way to stay hydrated. Many people even believe that the bottled water they’re drinking is cleaner than what comes from their tap. That fact is that bottled water may not be as pure as you think, even when compared to what’s coming out of your faucet at home.

If you’re an avid bottled water drinker, microplastics are something you should consider before opening your next plastic water bottle. Our Las Vegas water filtration specialists explain.

What Are Microplastics?

Microplastics are tiny pieces of plastic that must be less than 5 millimeters in length. These plastics can come from a variety of products, including plastic bags, water bottles, cosmetics, toothpaste containers, cleaning products, clothing, etc. These small fragments can dissolve into even smaller particles when placed in water.

This chart shows the lowest & highest number of plastic particles found per liter of bottles water (location & brand)

Because of their size, they can easily slip through some filtration systems. Sometimes, these microplastics end up entering our water and ecosystem. They have been found in different products, such as the water that is being bottled for human consumption. According to a study conducted by the State University of New York and published by Statista, microplastics can be found in 93% of bottled water1!

The Health Risks of Bottled Water and Microplastics

The bottled water industry is a 100 billion dollar market. You find them on grocery store shelves, inside vending machines, in school cafeterias, and much more. When these microplastics are suspended in a bottle of water, humans can consume them. The tissues and organs in the body will then absorb the microplastics.

A study published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)2 states that when we consume plastic material that is composed of many different chemicals, this may cause our endocrine system to be disrupted. Common symptoms of a malfunctioning endocrine system include:

  • Weight gain
  • Weight loss
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fertility issues
  • Bowel issues
  • And much more

The same study suggests that the consumption of chemicals within microplastics can also lead to an increased risk of cancer.

What Is a Reverse Osmosis Filtration System?

A reverse osmosis filtration system utilizes one or more filters to remove unwanted particles and molecules from the water passing through it. The number of filters that your system has will depend on what you’re looking to accomplish and what you’re willing to invest. You can have as many as five filters installed if you’re very concerned with water quality in your home. Some of the different filters used in a reverse osmosis system include:

How does Reverse Osmosis work
Reverse osmosis. Desalination. The pressure water molecules seep through the semi-permeable membrane.

Sediment Filter

This filter will remove particles such as dust, dirt, and rust before passing the water through the other filters in the system.

Semi-Permeable Filter

This semi-permeable membrane filter will reduce the amount of dissolved solids in your water by as much as 98%. This is where the filtration of microplastic can take place.

Carbon Filter

Your carbon filter will remove a variety of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from your water. VOCs make their way into our drinking water through runoff and everything from bug spray to paint thinners. This filter also helps to improve the overall taste of your water.

Once the process is complete, the filtered water will then come out of a dedicated tap that’s usually installed right by your kitchen faucet. While that water may still contain traces of microplastics or other contaminants, those levels are much lower than you would experience if you were drinking straight out of the tap or from some bottled water brands you purchase at the store.

Benefits of Home Filtration Systems in Las Vegas

Not only will one of these systems ensure that you’re drinking clean, high-quality water regularly, but you actually save a lot of money long term. Once you pay the initial upfront cost for the system and installation, you only need to periodically replace the filters. No more hassle of having to go to the store and spend money buying bottled water. You can refill a reusable and eco-friendly bottle with purified drinking water directly from your tap!

In addition, you’ll be reducing the use of plastic bottles by installing a home water filtration system. Although plastic bottles are recyclable, many of them end up in landfills or the ocean, adding even more microplastics to the ecosystem. You can do your part by reducing the number of plastic bottles you use with a reverse osmosis purification system.

While you may see a beautiful babbling brook on the label of your bottled water, that’s surely not the source of your water. Take the time to educate yourself on the quality of the water that you’re drinking. You can also contact Rain Water of Las Vegas for more information on water conditioning systems or reverse osmosis filtration systems for your home.



1Statista. (16 March 2018). Study Finds Microplastics In 93% Of Bottled Water. Retrieved 23 September 2021 from https://www.statista.com/chart/13255/study-finds-microplastics-in-93-of-bottled-water/

2Campanale, C., Massarelli, C., Savino, I., Locaputo, V., & Uricchio, V. F. (17 February 2020). A Detailed Review Study on Potential Effects of Microplastics and Additives of Concern on Human Health. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(4), 1212. Retrieved 23 September 2021 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068600/

What Is Alkaline Water and Why Should I Drink It?

To better understand what alkaline water is, it helps to know how pH measurement works. Ph is a measurement of how acidic or alkaline a substance is on a scale of 0-14. A pH of 0 means a substance is very acidic, while a pH of 14 is considered very alkaline.

Liquids that have a pH of 0 or 14 are often caustic and dangerous such as commercial cleaners or laboratory acid. Liquids that are safe for human consumption such as orange juice or alkaline water are close to the middle of the scale.

Normal drinking water has a very neutral pH of around 7. However, alkaline water has a slightly higher pH between 8 and 9. Some brands of alkaline water even have a pH as high as 10 or greater.

What Is the Alkaline Water Buzz About?

Alkaline water has become popular in the last few years due to many claims about its health benefits, such as weight loss and improved immune health. While some research is limited for many specific claims, there is evidence that alkaline water provides many potential benefits.

What Are the Benefits of Alkaline Water?

While there is still debate in the health science community about the exact effects of alkaline water, there is evidence of many potential benefits:

Improved Hydration

Due to its smaller molecular structure, studies show that alkaline water can penetrate cells easier. This easier penetration may allow for better hydration. A 2010 study1 found that alkaline water raised the pH of participants’ bodies and increased their overall hydration levels.


A 2003 study2 found that alkaline water may have reduced the harmful effects of mercury on 43 Swedish women who lived in an area with alkaline water. This study suggests that alkaline water may help detoxify the body of heavy metals, such as mercury. Building up these harmful toxins can cause fatigue, mental fog, inflammation, and headaches.

Weight Loss

Alkaline water may also be beneficial for weight loss. One 2011 study3 involved clinically obese participants drinking two liters of alkaline water per day for two months. The participants lost an average of 12 pounds, even without substantial changes to their diets.

Reduces Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is a digestive condition in which stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, creating a burning feeling in the lower chest. A 2012 study4 found that alkaline water can help those with acid reflux disease by reducing pepsin, an enzyme responsible for acid reflux.

Improved Bone Health

Alkaline water could also improve bone health. A 2009 study5 suggests that alkaline water reduced PTH and S-CTX, two of the most important numbers associated with bone loss. This finding could mean that drinking alkaline water can indirectly improve overall bone mineral density (BMD).

How to Get Alkaline Water

There are several ways to get alkaline water, all with important considerations:

  • Natural Spring Water: At a pH between 8 and 9, natural spring water is one of the best alkaline water sources. When the water in natural springs travels over rocks, it picks up minerals that cause the water to become more alkaline. If you have access to a natural spring well, you may have alkaline water.
  • Bottled Alkaline Water: Both physical and online retailers offer dozens of brands of bottled alkaline water. The price of bottled alkaline water is usually higher than regular water, but not all brands are of the same quality.

Some companies add salts and chemicals to the water to raise the pH. The quality of plastic they use for the bottles may also be a concern because some types are known to contaminate water over time.

Be sure to research the brand of bottled alkaline drinking water carefully so that you are sure that it is high quality and safe. Or, you can install a home water system to get great-tasting alkaline drinking water on demand without driving to a store or waiting for delivery.

Home Alkaline Reverse Osmosis Water Systems

If you want a convenient and steady supply of high-quality alkaline drinking water, you should. They are a wise investment for any household and typically pay for themselves after just a few uses! Generally, there are two types of home water systems that can alkalize water:

  • Water ionizers use a process called electrodialysis to separate alkaline ions from acidic ions. The systems are relatively easy to install and operate, and they don’t require much maintenance besides an occasional filter change.
  • Alkaline water filters, such as our Rain Water Systems Alkaline Cartridge, add mineral hydrates to the water to make it more alkaline. This filter pairs well with our advanced reverse osmosis system to produce quality alkaline water for you and your family.


If you are ready to provide your household with healthy, clean alkaline water, we are here to help. Contact us today to get your free consultation and estimate!



1Heil DP. (13 September 2010). Acid-base balance and hydration status following consumption of mineral-based alkaline bottled water. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. Retrieved 8 September 2021 from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20836884/
2Rosborg, I., Nihlgard, B. and Gerhardsson, L. (2003) Hair Element Concentrations in Females in One Acid and One Alkaline Area in South Sweden. Ambio, 32, 440. Retrieved 8 September 2021 from https://www.scirp.org/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=2222613
3The Free Library. (2014). The effect of daily consumption of 2 liters of electrolyzed water for 2 months on body composition and several physiological parameters in four obese subjects: a preliminary report. Retrieved 8 September 2021 from https://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+effect+of+daily+consumption+of+2+liters+of+electrolyzed+water+for…-a0269433201
4Koufman JA, Johnston N. (July 2012). Potential benefits of pH 8.8 alkaline drinking water as an adjunct in the treatment of reflux disease. Retrieved 8 September 2021 from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22844861/
5Wynn E, Krieg MA, Aeschlimann JM, Burckhardt P. (January 2009). Alkaline mineral water lowers bone resorption even in calcium sufficiency: alkaline mineral water and bone metabolism. Bone. Retrieved 8 September 2021 from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18926940/

Common Contaminants Found in Las Vegas Tap Water

If you live in or plan to move to Las Vegas, you may be concerned about the quality of the tap water. It’s important to be informed about the sources and potential hazards of the water in your home that you drink and use for daily activities such as washing and bathing. Knowing just what’s in your water empowers you to make the best decision about how to use and treat the water coming out of your taps every day.

If you live in the Las Vegas, Nevada area, this is a quick guide that will hopefully help you make a more informed decision about the water being piped into your home.

Sources of Water for Las Vegas

About 90% of tap water that residents in Las Vegas drink comes from snowmelt off the nearby Rocky Mountains. After running off the mountains, the water collects in the Colorado River and ends up in Lake Mead, where it’s piped into the city.

The other 10% of water comes from a groundwater aquifer sourced from natural precipitation in the Spring Mountains and the Sheep Range. These sources of groundwater can come from as much as 1,500 feet below the surface through private and public well systems.

The direct management of the city’s water sourcing and piping is done by the Las Vegas Valley Water District, a nonprofit that’s been providing the city’s water since 1954. They’re in charge of developing and maintaining the city’s water delivery system and have had to respond to rapid population growth in the Las Vegas area by expanding their operations and utilizing new technologies to continue to provide clean, fresh water to Las Vegas residents.

Get Safe, Delicious Drinking Water Straight From the Tap With Rain of Las Vegas’ Whole Home Water Conditioning Systems.

Quality of Tap Water in Las Vegas

The tap water in Las Vegas is monitored by the Nevada Bureau of Safe Drinking Water. This bureau is in charge of regulating Las Vegas’ water supply and making sure it meets standards set at the U.S. federal level by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

These standards set thresholds for the level of chemicals and substances found to be hazardous in drinking water. Las Vegas tap water falls well within these standards of safety, although that doesn’t mean the water is completely free of these potentially hazardous contaminants.

These chemical, mineral, biological, and radioactive contaminants could change unexpectedly and reach dangerous levels. That’s why authorities constantly monitor Las Vegas’ water supply.

There are also about 75 possible contaminants found in Las Vegas tap water that aren’t currently regulated by the EPA’s standards but may still be concerning. These contaminants could be a concern for your health, especially for those with a compromised immune system due to age or illness.

Want to Stop Worrying About Contaminants in Your Water? Contact Rain of Las Vegas to Find Out How You Can Get a Water Filtration System for Your Home.

tap water analysis

6 Potential Las Vegas Water Contaminants

The list of potential contaminants in Las Vegas drinking water are similar to potential contaminants in places throughout the region. These include radioactive materials leached into the water through erosion, soil runoff or mineral deposits in the water, coliforms (a type of bacteria), chemical compounds that made their way into the water supply via human application in nearby areas, natural minerals which contribute to a water source’s ‘hardness’, as well as lead and copper from pipeline corrosion.

All of these possible contaminants exist within Las Vegas tap water, though in very small quantities that fall within the EPA’s acceptable levels. However, the fact still exists that these impurities are in the tap water that most people in the Las Vegas area drink without filtration.

1. Disinfectants (Bromodichloromethane, Chloroform, Fluoride, Total Trihalomethanes and Other TTHMs, Trichloroacetic Acid)

Disinfectant chemicals are often added to water in treatment plants to reduce other contaminants and bacteria. However, these chemicals sometimes react to other chemicals or minerals in nature and form other, nastier compounds that can be harmful to your health. The EPA usually tests for the disinfectants specifically, but sometimes misses the byproducts of adding all of these chemicals together.

2. Chromium

Most often found in the form of hexavalent chromium, this chemical was responsible for the famous case of Hinkley, California that was brought to the public attention by activist Erin Brockovich. This chemical may either form naturally or from industry pollution, and is a known carcinogen that can cause cancer at high levels.

3. Industry Waste Chemicals (Dibromochloromehtane, Dichloroacetic Acid, Agricultural Hormones, Industrial Fluoride)

These chemicals may be illegally or even legally dumped into public water sources and can be dangerous to your health. The dangers of these chemicals range from increased cancer risk, increased risk of birth complications or defects, and reproductive hormone disruption.

4. PFAs

PFAS are a category of contaminants that aren’t yet on the list of regulated pollutants. A recent byproduct of artificial plastics, PFAS can end up in water systems and experts warn that only trace amounts carry with it the threat of health hazards.

5. Lead

Also of particular concern are levels of lead contamination within Las Vegas’ tap water. While the levels of lead in the tap water are extremely low, the EPA and other government health organizations dispute the fact there is any ‘safe’ level of lead within a source of drinking water.

Lead enters the drinking water through corrosion of plumbing pipes containing lead. These corroding pipelines leach lead into the water, and because of this corrosion control measures and close monitoring of lead contamination levels are extremely important.

6. Radiation

Radiation is another problem that needs to be carefully watched, especially in Las Vegas where large amounts of drinking water gets exposed to rocks and mineral deposits. In some rocks and stone formations, there can be found trace amounts of uranium and radon, which can end up in lakes and streams. If a water source becomes condensed, so too can the levels of radiation in the water.

Is Bottled Water Better?

Most types of bottled water are merely tap water treated with only the most basic filters (or taken straight from municipal sources without any filtering at all). Besides costing much, much more than tap water, there isn’t much improvement in the cleanness of the water and it often won’t even taste better.

Other bottled water from natural sources may contain many of the same contaminants unless taken from private, deep groundwater sources that don’t have the same problem of chemical run-off. Water taken from aquifers (high-pressure water sources from deep beneath the earth) are typically the least likely to contain chemical contaminants, but can still have increased levels of harmful mineral deposits if not carefully filtered.

Potential Solutions

Filters can be a great way to improve water quality if they’re designed the right way. Multi-stage and reverse-osmosis water filters offer the most reliable way to ensure that all impurities are removed from tap water. In-home water systems can filter your water so that you can get great-tasting, pure water from any tap in the house. Below are some options for water filtration systems to have clean and chemical-free water whenever you need it:

Steps to Change Quick Change Reverse Osmosis Filters

What Size Water Softener Do I Need?

July 23rd, 2021 | Water Softener Las Vegas


If you happen to live somewhere with hard water, you know the damage it can do to your water fixtures, glassware, pipes, laundry, and even your skin and hair! Water softeners are designed to remove calcium, magnesium, and other minerals that make water hard, so you have purified, soft water at every tap in your home or business. However, what size water softener do you need?

Here’s everything you need to know about choosing a water softening system from our team of Las Vegas water softener experts:

How Do I Know I Need a Water Softener?

First of all, it’s essential to determine whether you need a water softener or not. In Las Vegas and throughout Southern Nevada, the majority of our water supply comes from Lake Mead. As the water makes its way across several states and climates via the Colorado River, it picks up sediment and minerals that make the water particularly hard.

You’ll notice your water is hard in several ways, including:

  • Crusty, white buildup on your faucets and sinks
  • Cloudy or spotty dishes
  • Dingy and stiff laundry
  • Having to use more soap than normal for cleaning
  • Dry hair and skin
  • Chalky film on your appliances that use water

If you’re experiencing any of the signs of hard water, you’ll definitely benefit from a water softening system. In Las Vegas, there are several sizes of water softeners that will help you avoid the damaging effects of hard water.

Measuring Your Water Hardness

One of the things to consider when choosing which water softener will work best for you is your water’s hardness. You’ll need to enter the hardness value after setting up your water softener for optimal performance, and guessing this number will result in your system not working as it should. If your water comes from the city water supply, you can generally get this number from your local water utility company.

According to the Las Vegas Valley Water District, the water hardness in Las Vegas measures at 278 parts per million or 16 grains per gallon¹. This level is categorized as “very hard” and can wreak havoc on your plumbing pipes and fixtures! Use this number to guide you when purchasing your water softening system.

Your Daily Volume of Water Consumption

The next thing to factor into your choice of water softeners is how much water you use in your home or business. Based on your daily water consumption, you’ll know which water softening system can handle the volume of water you need. You can use your latest water bill to get an accurate idea of your total water consumption over a period of time (usually per month). Then, just divide that by the number of days in the month to get your daily use.

However, keep in mind that it’s very likely you’ll use more water during the hot summer months than other times. Also, you may use more water if you have visitors or are filling your pool during a particular month. If that’s the case, you can use the average number of 75 gallons per day per person for a generally accurate estimate of your daily water usage.

Calculating Your Daily Water Softening Requirements

Here’s where you apply the numbers we’ve already discussed. Take your daily water usage and multiply that by your water hardness. This number is your daily water softening requirement.

To give you an idea of what we mean, here is an example. Let’s say you live in Las Vegas, so your water hardness is 16 grains per gallon. You also have four people in your household.

  • Hardness: 16 grains/gallon
  • Daily Water Usage: 4 people x 75 gallons/day = 300 gallons/day
  • Daily Water Softening Requirement: 16 grains/gallon x 300 gallons/day = 4,800 grains/day

In this example, your water softener should be able to remove around 4,800 grains per day. This number is key to knowing which water softening system can handle your needs.

Understanding Water Softener Grain Capacity

The next step is to choose a water softening system that will match your conditions and the volume of water your family uses on a daily basis. Based on the example above, it may seem like any water softener could handle your needs.

However, keep in mind that water softeners typically regenerate once per week. This means you’ll need to take that “per day” number and multiply it by seven to match your grain capacity to the displayed numbers at the store. With our 4,800 grains/day, you’ll need a water softener that has a grain capacity of at least 33,600 (4,800 x 7).

Also, keep in mind that your water usage will fluctuate and change depending on how many people live on the property and the time of year. You may want to consider this when purchasing a water softener with a lower grain capacity.

Purchasing Your Water Softening System

When it comes time to invest in a water softener, not all retailers are created equal. A lot goes into calculating what size water softener you’ll need, so you want to work with trusted experts who understand these numbers. Whether you’ve done the calculations yourself or still need to figure out which system is best for you, the team at Rain Water of Las Vegas is ready to help!

At Rain Water Conditioning, we have a wide variety of water softeners, water conditioning systems, and water purifiers that will give you the highest-quality water in your home or office. To learn more about our water softeners, water softening installation, and other services, contact our office today!


¹Las Vegas Valley Water District (LVVWD). Facts about our water. Retrieved 21 June 2021 from https://www.lvvwd.com/water-quality/facts/index.html